Methods of Adoption

The decisions on the procedures for adoption placement are of several types. The procedures and policies of foreign adoption are usually affected by the country of the adoptee. Independent as well as agency placement are usually governed by certain statues just like it is the case with adoption by deed or contract. There are also certain individuals who adopt by illegally buying a child or making arrangements to have a child using a surrogate mother.

Foreign adoption

As a result of the scarcity of kids who are healthy to be adopted in the United States, there are many citizens of the US who choose to pursue adoption of abandoned and orphaned kids from abroad. Many parents in the U.S who have kids in the foster care don't have to give up their parental rights. It can also be difficult to place foster kids in the united states as most of the them are not only older but have emotional scars as a result of their sexual or physical abuse.

Korea was a favorite destination for foster parents from the United States and thousands of Korean kids have been adopted by Americans. However, this trend is already of the decline as the Korean government is trying to shed off this tag as a baby exporter. U.S citizens are also choosing to adopt kid from South America, Russia, China and Romania. The high number of needy kids in these families is as a result of poverty, war, natural disasters and failed governments.

The adoption policy from each country is different in terms of the age, marital status and income level of the prospective parents.

Agency placement

In this adoption method, the adoption arrangements are usually made by a private or licensed agency. These agencies usually exist for the purpose of placement of kids and as a part of their responsibility; they are supposed to investigate in a thorough way how suitable the potential adoptive parents are. These kinds of investigations are not only detailed and will consider both the backgrounds of the prospective parents and the kid.

The licensed agencies are allowed by statutes to act as intermediary between the adoptive and the natural parents. The child will be transferred to the placement agency through the formal surrender agreement that is supposed to be signed by the parent. This is an indication that the parent has surrender or his or her rights to the child.

Independent placements

Private adoptions or independent placements are usually done where the kid is transferred from their natural mothers or their representative as well as prospective parent. The families of the natural mother or a doctor are the ones who are usually tasked with this kind of placement. In this case, the adoptive and the natural mothers are not vetted in a thorough way. It is the role of the adoptive parents to pay for the medical bills that result from the pregnancy or birth on top of the legal expenses.

Adoption by contract/agreement

It is possible to create an adoption relationship through a private contract that can be implied or express. While the adoption contracts aren't considered as injurious to the welfare of the public, these aren't encouraged because of the notion that it is not right for the parent to trade their kids. However, the contract to adopt can be enforced by a court of law unless these are in conflict with the interest of the child. The court can also allow for the breaking of the adoption contract where the circumstances warrant for such.